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INRA
24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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GISA

To promote research for action in a perspective of innovations and services for animal productions and related sectors.

Context

Demand for animal feed is expected to grow until at least 2050. This is occurring in a context of increased market growth in developing countries; a shift of livestock farming from mainly temperate zones to inter-tropical zones; an increase in the relative share of livestock farming intended for export markets; competition for access to grassland and water; increased concentration in peri-urban areas (with resulting environmental impact and public health risks); an increased predominance of monogastric animals in livestock farming over ruminants, and increased needs in grains in livestock farming (FAO sources). The intensification and diversification of trade in animals and animal products create global health management challenges

The GISA metaprogram focuses on four animal health and veterinary public health challenges:

1. Economic challenges, linked to a series of illnesses with impact on the economic stability of livestock farms, and which destabilise animal production sectors;

2. Public health challenges related to zoonotic diseases, food hygiene and bacterial or chemical contamination of the food chain as well as the development of bacterial resistance to antibiotics and pest resistance to pest control methods;

3. Environmental challenges linked to livestock waste;

4. Challenges in animal welfare / farming ethics.

Objectives

GISA is built around 3 overlapping ambitions :

1. Understanding the animal and its pathogens,

2. Sustaining health from the farm to the production sector,

3. Protecting people and regions.

The GISA metaprogram chooses to combine different levels of organisation of living organisms, the environment and the socio-economic activity of livestock farming in an integrative approach, in order to deliver integrated management expertise and strategies and their translation into operational techniques.

Priorities

The three previously defined objectives are translated into six research priorities:

1. Control diseases in livestock farming,

2. Predict and analyse outbreaks and repeated outbreaks,

3. Produce in a way that respects public health and the environment,

4. Produce in a way that respects animals,

5. Adapt health and welfare management in livestock farming to the constraints on global change,

6. Understand stakeholder intentions and decisions in health management and predict economic and social consequences.

 
Examples of results

> Networking and interdisciplinary approach on antimicrobial concerns

The network project R2A2 was designed to bring together scientists from different disciplines as well as various stakeholders, from farmer organisations to government, to build a shared vision of the global research needs to help reducing the use of antibiotics on farms, and preparing interdisciplinary research projects. Twelve one-day meetings were held in four years, with an average attendance of 39 people (2/3 scientists, 1/3 stakeholders). Various topics were addressed, that allowed networking and the design of at least 8 interdisciplinary projects.

Coordination: C. Ducrot (INRA)

 > A multidisciplinary approach for a better management of mastitis and metritis in dairy herds

The RUMINFLAME project (2013-2015) of the GISA metaprogram contributed to a better understanding of inflammatory diseases, more specifically mastitis and metritis in ruminants with the objective to improve their management.

The complementary expertise of 12 teams from 7 different INRA scientific divisions allowed investigation on the impact of herd management practices, nutrition and genetics on the inflammatory response of ruminants. Participation of professional organisations to the project allowed efficient dissemination of new knowledge to stakeholders of the dairy industry.

Coordination: P. Germon (INRA) and G. Foucras (ENV Toulouse)

 
Disciplines and related Inra scientific divisions

The GISA metaprogram coordinates and oversees research teams from nine of INRA’s 13 divisions: Animal Physiology and Livestock Systems (PHASE), Animal Genetics (GA), Animal Health (SA), Social Sciences, Agriculture and Food, Rural Development and Environment (SAE2), Microbiology and the Food Chain (MICA), Forest, Grassland and Freshwater Ecology (EFPA), Science for Action and Development (SAD), Plant Health and Environment (SPE), Applied Mathematics and Informatics (MIA).